Hoodiephobia, Or We Don’t Lie to Google

Boris johnson the knight

Does what we search for online reflect our fears?

There’s a growing obsession in the UK, it would seem, with ‘hoodies’—young people who wear sports clothing with hoods who maraud in gangs. Michael Caine has just starred in a movie about them (well, a revenge fantasy about them.) This Guardian piece explores the movie-making potential of this phenomenon.

Recently a female documentary film maker was saved from a group of iron bar-wielding “feral girls” by the bike-riding mayor of London (I’ve always wanted to write the headline for the story).

So is this “growing fear” reflected online?

Well, yes, it is.

Here’s what a graph of British people searching for ‘hoodies’ looks like:

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As you can see, it’s been a growing interest, more than doubling in the past five years.

But it’s also showing a weird seasonal element. Interest drops off in the summer months, and then rises towards the end of the year. Every year for the past five years, searches have peaked in either December or November. The lowest point each year is June or July.

I don’t know why that is. One guess would be that in the summer attacks tail off. It would be interesting to see if there’s any correlation there with the actual figures on attacks. (Update: Commenters have rightly pointed out that the seasonal interest probably has more to do with online shoppers. Thanks, and sorry for not thinking of this.)

The Guardian piece quotes research by the group Women in Journalism back in March as finding that, among other things, 79% of adults are more wary of teenage boys than they were a year ago, and that the most commonly used descriptions of such boys in the UK press were ‘yobs’ and ‘thugs’ followed by ‘sick’, ‘feral’, ‘hoodies’ and ‘louts’ (PDF version of the report is here.)

Online, however, the trend is clearer: ‘Hoodie’ (light blue) is the preferred search term, and has been since late 2006, replacing the ‘thug’ and ‘scum’ of the mid 2000s:

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I don’t know whether this is meaningful, but another word used to describe this perceived underclass of British use is ‘chav’, a term of obscure origin. Compare searches for the words ‘chav’ and ‘hoodie’ and you see this:

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Clearly the word ‘chav’ (in red) was most popular—or one that people were hearing but not familiar with, and so needed to look it up—in late 2004. It has been in decline since then and has indeed been overtaken by ‘hoodie’ (in blue):

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I don’t know whether this is meaningful or not. Wikipedia cites ‘chav’ as common parlance by 2004 (unfortunately Google’s data does not go further back than that, but the rise in 2004 is clear.)

I tend to believe that Google searches are as revealing as anything else about what people are interested in, or worried about—indeed more so than surveys, because people don’t lie to Google.

06. November 2009 by jeremy
Categories: Internet life, Visualization | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 6 comments

Comments (6)

  1. Hi,
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  2. The summer drop-off could be because the cold-weather sweatshirts with hoods are also called hoodies (at least in the US)!
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  3. I agree that the “people don’t lie to Google” angle is interesting. It’s a rare insight. For example, on my own blog I once wrote a post questioning the wisdom of giving 12-year-olds a sex change (as happened in the UK) and since then I have been seeing Google queries hit my site that are looking for pretty sinister things involving 12-year-olds, and most of them are from places like Pakistan!

    But, I don’t understand how you know that people aren’t simply searching for a place to buy ‘hoodies’ from. That would also explain the correlation with season. There is no reason to believe that there is a connection with the decline in the use of “thug” and “scum”. It could be completely unrelated.

  4. Renee and Matt, good points on the buying hoodies. Must confess I hadn’t thought of that.

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  6. HI,
    I agree with Jeremy, Renee and Matt have shared good points on buying hoodies. I found your blog quite interesting that people can’t lie to Google. You have shared some good points here. Thanks, keep posting the good work in future too. I have bookmarked your website.

    A SWOT analysis